field of economics and mangement :
of Legal documents:
of medical documents:
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URDU WEB PAGES
There are lot of WebPages in Urdu. Almost all the famous Pakistani Urdu Newspapers are available also on Internet. Some of them with very rich contents. These pages are either GIF images of Urdu pages or font type. To read pages using fonts one has to download the fonts. For example JANG, the most widely circulated Urdu Newspaper has three versions of webpages, GIF, Rehman font and Roman Urdu page. GIF page is slow to get loaded but is easy to read without need of any special font to download and install on the computer. BBC also has a Urdu News page, for which their font must be installed on computer. Pages with fonts are not very popular because one does not see the content on his first visit.
So, if the purpose of the site is to attract traffic, then it must be free from any need to download and install any special font. That leaves us with the use of GIF pictures of the Urdu text being pasted on the webpages. To keep the time of loading low, 8 to 10 second, the files must be made keeping the lowest possible size of individual pictures as well as the total of all GIF files appearing on the same page.
Translating a WEBPAGE from English (or any other European Language) into Urdu is not possible by just replacing the text and leaving tags untouched. The whole page needs a redesigning and re-construction. Even when some fonts are used it is difficult to achieve the same look without intensive re-construction, because the Urdu is written in opposite direction (from right to left).
There are many Urdu fonts available on the Net, Umair, Alkatib, Khat-e Naqsh, Urdu Web, to name a few. The problem is that each of these fonts uses a different character coding, thus the webpages created for a particular font are unique for that font. The result is that displaying Urdu text in the web pages is a big mess, with each font promoting its own character code.
Unicode is changing all this. Unicode provides a unique number for every character, no matter what the platform, no matter what the program, no matter what the language!
Unfortunately, currently Unicode Urdu will be displayed properly only in Internet Explorer 5+, Netscape 6.2 and Mozilla. To avoide this problem, we are again left with above mentioned solution of constructing a Urdu web pages with GIF pictures of Urdu text.
I recently received an email, asking me, "Has Unicode changed this or is it going to? We have an urdu InPage document, which need to be published as HTML on the internet; could You help us?"
To this my answer is: Yes, it is possible to design a webpage in Unicode font, but so far it is not displayed by all browsers properly. And there are limited numbers of fonts. Tahoma and Microsoft San Serif are available on most of the PCs WidowsXP/2000. Both the fonts are not easy to read. BBC.uk has its Urdu webpage in fonts “Urdu Naskh Asiatype”, which is much better and can also be downloaded from their site. http://www.bbc.co.uk/urdu/
If you already have an InPage file, then Webpage can also be constructed in the following way: Reformat the text in InPage making it suitable to export in GIF format. Make separate pictures either of each paragraph or of each page. Then insert these pictures of Urdu text at proper places on Webpage. A good example of this is one of Urdu Newspapers: http://www.jang.com.pk/
OR: retype the whole text once again using Wordpad and Urdu keyboard in WindowsXP. Then copy/paste it in html page, using FrontPage. Dreamweaver is not working so well with Urdu. Only problem is that Windows Urdu keyboard is not phonetic keyboard as that of InPage keyboard, which makes typing very slow.
To visit jang.com one does not need to have any Urdu font on his/her computer. The BBC-webpage does not display Urdu characters unless one has installed their Urdu Unicode font on the computer.
Which type of Webpage do you want depends upon who will be your target visitors; do you want them to see the content on their first visit or do you want them to download a suitable font. If the content of your site is very important to your target visitors then you can count on their readiness to download the proper font. However there must be a massage for them in GIF version, which they can see even if they don't have the proper font.
HOW TO MAKE WEBPAGES IN URDU
My Urdu WebPage:
I have recently completed the construction of my site for publishing an E-zine in Urdu. This will be properly visible on computers loaded with Urdu Unicode fonts (Tahoma, Urdu Naskh Asiatype).
You can visit to see an example of Urdu Unicode webpage. You may compare it with other Urdu pages to see the difference between the different techniques of publishing Urdu pages on Internet.
|Introduction||Why in Urdu||Preparing Urdu doc.||Urdu PDF file||Urdu in MS Word||Urdu Web-pages||Urdu fonts||Sample page|
Some Urdu WebPages: